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At anatomysullivan.wordpress.com you will find Mrs Sullivan’s new site for General Human Anatomy. At this time, these two sites are almost identical with similar information until it can be all placed on her site. The work I have created here is almost all on her site, with a little fine-tuning. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask in a comment. Thanks!

Laura Barron

For those of you who are going into Nursing at Antelope Valley College and have any questions along your path, please check out my new site studentnurselaura.wordpress.com and send me a comment. I would be happy to help in any way I can.

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This video is by the Medical College of Georgia – Gross Anatomy and is available for free from itunes.
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Skeletal System

#’s Axial, Apendendicular

 

Functions (6)

 

Histology

            Haversion system + ______

            5 things to identify

            Cells (4)

 

(2) types of bones

 

Long bone – identify (9 items)

 

Composition : 1)______________

                        2) Matrix=____%

                                         ______%

 

Bone Ossification (2 types  – which bones are made from thee?)

Where do all middle bones come from?

 

Intra_______ Ossification (8 steps)

 

Endochondral O_______ (13 steps)

 

Long bones increase length by…………………..

Diameter by……………..

 

Bones classified by?   (4 – give examples)

2 other types.

 

What are the Growth Factors? (4) Give exact examples of each!

 

Where are the Paranasal Sinuses? What are the functions? Tissue?

 

What are Fontanels? Where are all 5 located and names?

 

Vertebral Column (#? Bones)

Draw and name curves.

Functions

 

What difference can you find between male/female bones?

 

Types of Fractures ( 8 )

 

Disorders (7)

CALCITONIN-     

                                                                              

CANCELLOUS BONE-

 

COLLES FRACTURE-

 

COMMINUTED FRACTURE-

 

COMPOUND FRACTURE-

 

FONTANELS-

 

GREENSTICK FRACTURE-

 

INORGANIC SALTS-

 

KYPHOSIS-

 

LORDOSIS-

 

OBLIQUE FRACTURE-

 

ORGANIC FRAMEWORK-

 

OSTEOBLASTS/OSTEOCLASTS/OSTEOCYTES-

 

OSTEOMALACIA-

 

OSTEOMYELITIS-

 

OSTEONS –

 

OSTEOPOROSIS-

 

OSTEOPROGENITOR CELLS-

 

PARATHYROID-

 

POTT’S FRACTURE –

 

SCOLIOSIS-

 

SESAMOID-

 

SPIRAL FRACTURE –

 

THYROXINE-

 

TRANSVERSE FRACTURE –

 

WORMIAN-

 

Skeletal Questions

 

Can you name 5 fractures and describe?

 

What is the functions (6) of the curvature of the vertebral column?

 

What are the 4 curves of the vertebral and which is present at birth?

 

What are the Functions of the paranasal sinuses?

 

Describe the paranasal sinuses, and list 1 and it’s specific location.

 

What is a Fontanel?

 

What is the name of one Fontanel and what does it articulate with?

 

How do long bones increase in diameter by?

 

How do long bones increase in length by?

 

Name 4 minerals responsible for Growth and what the do.

 

What does thyroxine do?

 

What comes before “osteoblasts form bone matrix”, in endochondral ossification?

 

What are the types of ossification?

 

What comes after “trapped osteoblasts called osteocytes” in (other) ossification?

 

What bones are formed by endochondral ossification?

 

Both ossifications start from middle layer of___________ called __________.

 

Cartilage turns into bone.   T      F

 

What is the composition of bone? What constitutes the 33%, What constitutes the 67%

 

Name and draw the typical long bone, and identify at least 5 main points.

 

How is bone classified and name one bone for each.

 

Describe the two different Types of bone.

 

What are the functions of the Skeletal System? (6)

 

How many bones are in the appendicular?

 

What is the Histology of the Haversian system?

 

What is the difference between osteoprogenitor, osteoblast, osteocyte and osteoclast cells?

 

 

1. Name 4 different pairs of ligaments that support the uterus and hold it in place.

         

2. What is homologous to the labia majora in the male reproductive system?

 

3. What are the different types of follicles in follicular development (5)?

 

4. What disorder is characterized by inflammation in pelvic cavity, tubes, ovaries, etc.?

 

5. Describe the route of sperm from Seminiferous tubules to urethra.

 

6. What is the role of the interstitial cells surrounding the Seminiferous tubules?

 

7. What is the name of the innermost wall of the uterus and the 2 layers that form this wall?

 

8. Describe the histology of the mammary glands.

 

9. What are the 3 phases of the uterine cycle?

 

10. What is the composition of Prostatic secretion?

 

11. What are the Accessory glands of the male reproductive system and their functions?

 

12. What are the 3 parts of Sperm and their functions?

 

 

1. broad, round, uterosacral and transverse cervical

2. scrotum

3. The Primary follicle, secondary follicle, mature (Graafian) follicle, Corpus Luteum, and Corpus Alibicans.

4. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

5. Semininferous tubulestubuli rectirete testesefferent ductsepididymisvas deferensejaculary ducturethra

6. These cells are stimulated by Lutenizing hormones to produce androgen hormones, such as testosterone.

7.  Endometrium. The 2 layers are the basal layer (stratum basalis) and the functional (stratum functionalis)

8.  Modified sweat glands are located under adipose tissue which is covered by the pectoralis major and serratus anterior skeletal muscles.

9. Menstrual, Proliferative and Secretory phases.

10. mucin, citric acid, seminal plasmin, and Prostatic specific antigen.

11. Seminal vesicles, prostate and Bulbourethral glands. Their secretions nourish the sperm and neutralize the acidity of the vagina.

12. The head – Acrosomal cap (enzymes) and nucleus (chromosomes), the Middle piece – contains mitochondria for ATP, and the Tail or flagellum – for motion

 

Astigmatism –

 

Canal of Schlemm –

 

Ciliary muscles –

 

Pupil –

 

Cochlear duct –

 

Conjunctiva –

 

Eustachian tube –

 

Ganglion cells –

 

Glaucoma –

 

Macula Lutea –

 

Meibomian glands –

 

Membranous labyrinth –

 

Organ of Corti –

 

Papillary sphincter muscles –

 

Pinna –

 

Refraction –

 

Sensineural deafness –

 

Spiral organ –  

 

Suspensory ligaments –

 

Vestibular nuclei –

 

Vitreous humor –

 

Zonule fibers –

 

 

What is the name of the commissural Tract type connecting the 2 hemispheres of the Cerebrum?

 

In the longitudinal fissure what would you find?

 

The cerebral hemispheres receive and project their commands and sensory to the same sides of the body.  T  F

 

What is the term used for the functional differences of the cerebrum?

 

What is the right hemisphere specialized for?

 

Name the 5 lobes of the Cerebrum and the main functions of each?

 

What cortex is in the pre-central gyrus?

 

What cortex is in the Post central gyrus?

 

Motor areas control what? Sensory areas provide what?

 

What 5 cortex are the primary sensory ones and what do they deal with?

Can you name the 6 Association areas and their main functions?

 

What is the Cerebral Nuclei and where is it located?

 

The Cerebral Nuclei receives inputs from ___________ and send to _________.

Who produces melatonin?

Who has the infundibulum and what is it attached to?

 

Who releases Oxytocin and ADH?

 

What is the Limbic System?

 

Can you name a few structures recognized to be a part of the limbic System?

 Only current worksheets will be linked. The others will become available as we review their areas.

Exam worksheets are always available in SI, then the week of the exam, they will be available here.

Exam I Worksheets:

cell

functions-exam1

vocabulary-exam-1

Read the rest of this entry »

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