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Skeletal System

#’s Axial, Apendendicular

 

Functions (6)

 

Histology

            Haversion system + ______

            5 things to identify

            Cells (4)

 

(2) types of bones

 

Long bone – identify (9 items)

 

Composition : 1)______________

                        2) Matrix=____%

                                         ______%

 

Bone Ossification (2 types  – which bones are made from thee?)

Where do all middle bones come from?

 

Intra_______ Ossification (8 steps)

 

Endochondral O_______ (13 steps)

 

Long bones increase length by…………………..

Diameter by……………..

 

Bones classified by?   (4 – give examples)

2 other types.

 

What are the Growth Factors? (4) Give exact examples of each!

 

Where are the Paranasal Sinuses? What are the functions? Tissue?

 

What are Fontanels? Where are all 5 located and names?

 

Vertebral Column (#? Bones)

Draw and name curves.

Functions

 

What difference can you find between male/female bones?

 

Types of Fractures ( 8 )

 

Disorders (7)

CALCITONIN-     

                                                                              

CANCELLOUS BONE-

 

COLLES FRACTURE-

 

COMMINUTED FRACTURE-

 

COMPOUND FRACTURE-

 

FONTANELS-

 

GREENSTICK FRACTURE-

 

INORGANIC SALTS-

 

KYPHOSIS-

 

LORDOSIS-

 

OBLIQUE FRACTURE-

 

ORGANIC FRAMEWORK-

 

OSTEOBLASTS/OSTEOCLASTS/OSTEOCYTES-

 

OSTEOMALACIA-

 

OSTEOMYELITIS-

 

OSTEONS –

 

OSTEOPOROSIS-

 

OSTEOPROGENITOR CELLS-

 

PARATHYROID-

 

POTT’S FRACTURE –

 

SCOLIOSIS-

 

SESAMOID-

 

SPIRAL FRACTURE –

 

THYROXINE-

 

TRANSVERSE FRACTURE –

 

WORMIAN-

 

Skeletal Questions

 

Can you name 5 fractures and describe?

 

What is the functions (6) of the curvature of the vertebral column?

 

What are the 4 curves of the vertebral and which is present at birth?

 

What are the Functions of the paranasal sinuses?

 

Describe the paranasal sinuses, and list 1 and it’s specific location.

 

What is a Fontanel?

 

What is the name of one Fontanel and what does it articulate with?

 

How do long bones increase in diameter by?

 

How do long bones increase in length by?

 

Name 4 minerals responsible for Growth and what the do.

 

What does thyroxine do?

 

What comes before “osteoblasts form bone matrix”, in endochondral ossification?

 

What are the types of ossification?

 

What comes after “trapped osteoblasts called osteocytes” in (other) ossification?

 

What bones are formed by endochondral ossification?

 

Both ossifications start from middle layer of___________ called __________.

 

Cartilage turns into bone.   T      F

 

What is the composition of bone? What constitutes the 33%, What constitutes the 67%

 

Name and draw the typical long bone, and identify at least 5 main points.

 

How is bone classified and name one bone for each.

 

Describe the two different Types of bone.

 

What are the functions of the Skeletal System? (6)

 

How many bones are in the appendicular?

 

What is the Histology of the Haversian system?

 

What is the difference between osteoprogenitor, osteoblast, osteocyte and osteoclast cells?

 

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