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I have some hints to make flash cards work for you. 

 

When doing Flash Cards, remember they are suppose to be FLASH cards. Just quick questions and notes where the answer on the back is simple notes to remind you of the complete answer. Use your notes if you can’t remember the complete info.

 

Make your flash cards after every lecture.

 

 

 

  • Practice with them everyday.
  • If you can answer the card easy three times in a row, put it in a separate pile to be reviewed closer to exam time.
  • Keep the cards you hesitate to answer or don’t know.
  • Create flash cards for lectures you haven’t heard yet but will need to know in an exam that is only 5 days away.

 

You may start off with many cards, approximately 25 a lecture, but you will find you put 50% of them in your know-it-pile if you review them everyday. This closely resembles the Leitner System. You can find out more about its process at this link.

 

4 days before your exam, go through all flash cards. Those you know put in a different pile. Those you didn’t answer correctly, review! (if you can write your answers, don’t say them. This is what you will have to do on the test – spelling counts!)

3 days before your exam, keep going through all unknown cards, getting rid of the ones you answer correctly 3 times in a row.  

2 days before your exam, put them all back together and go through them all again. Separate out the ones you don’t know.

 

1 day before, review all your notes, worksheets ect., and cards you don’t know.

Day of exam. Breathe, you know your stuff!

 

You can find out more information about learning styles, and your unique style at DVC .

 

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     These questions are done up to print out as 3x1inch squares. You can print them on labels and stick to cards or just cut them, and use them as cards.

 

I have some hints to make flash cards work for you.  Click here to learn how. indexcard2

 

 

Question on one side of card

Answer on the back of the card

  The Circulatory System is made up of ?

   The heart is enclosed by the?

The Pericardium is made up of ___ Parts.

What is the F______ Pericardium?

What is the S_______ pericardium?

  Explain the Histology of the Fibrous Pericardium

  Explain the Serous pericardium’s Histology, and 3 special sections of it.

The Heart Wall is made up of __ parts, What are their names and Histology of each.

What are the 4 Chamber of the Heart and the septum between each?

  What is the function of the ____ or AVs?

What are their names and location? Does one have a second name?

Explain how AVs work. When you explain, use words Papillary Muscles, Chor____ _____, and C_____.

What is a Semilunar valve? Name 2. Location and Function?

Explain the process of the Semilunar valves, describe what they look like and when they are open.

Coronary Circulation has arteries (name 2) and Sinuses (name 3). What is the main sinus that the 3 drain into?

Where do the Coronary arteries go off the heart, and where do the coronary sinuses go into the heart?

The cardiac cycle is a repeating pattern of ______ and ___________. What are the 2 names given to these patterns?

Explain the process of the Cardiac cycle. # 7 main steps.

What do we call the way the heart beats?  The C_______ S_______ of the ______.

Does the heart initiate its own heart beat or is it initiated by our nervous system?

What do we mean by myogenetic or auto-rhythmicity?

What are pacemaker cells?

Where is the SA or ____________ node located?

How many times per minute does the heart beat and who controls it?

During the Conductive System of the Heart, There are 5 items that will work, one after the other, what are they?

  Where is the SA node located?

Where is the AV node located/

Where is the Bundle of His or ______________ located?

Where are the B________ branches located?

Where are the P__________ F_____ located?

The Heart Rate is controlled by _________ via ___________.

What system and nerve increases the rate of the heart rate, and what is the direction of the nerve innervation?

What system and nerve decreases the rate of the heart and what is the direction of the nerve innervation?

What are the 5 functions of Blood?

What is blood made of and its percents?

What are the solutes in Plasma? (hint: Plasma is HIP)

What is hemopoiesis?

What are RBCs, WBCs?

Where are blood cells formed prenatally?

Where does hemopoiesis occur after birth?

Describe  5 things about erythrocytes including life span

How does erythropoiesis occur?

What is the normal count of WBC?

How are Leucocytes Classified?

Name 3 Granulocytes and their percents. (hint for all leucocytes: Never Let My Engine Blow, 60, 30, 8, 3, 0

Which WBC does Diapedesis?

Which WBC mediates inflammatory response with histamine and Heparin?

Which WBC has increased phagocytic complexes during allergic/parasitic reactions?

What is a Monocytes and how long does it live?

What is a lymphocyte and how long does it live, what does it do?

What are Thrombocytes?

Blood Vessels:  What is their function?

What are the 3 layers of blood vessel walls?

The adventia externa is what tissue?

The Tunica media is what histology?

What is the histology of endothelium/tunica interna?

What ar the 3 classes of blood vessels?

Who carries blood away from the heart? To the Heart?

What are the smallest 3 vessels?

Describe a large artery

Describe a small artery

Arterioles have what histology and what system innervates them?

Capillaries main function?

Venules merge to form? Some veins contain _____, and what muscle helps move blood?

Explain blood flow in Systemic circulation. (8)

What is the function of Systemic circulation?

What is the function of Pulmonary function?

Explain the blood flow in pulmonary circulation.(9)

What is the name of the system that returns blood from gastrointestinal organs?

Does blood pass thru 6 capillary beds between the time it leaves the heart until it returns to the heart? How many? Why?

What does the liver filter out?

What 3 veins join the Hepatic Portal Vein?

What does the Inferior mesenteric vein drain?

What does the splenic vein drain?

 What does the superior mesenteric vein drain?

What is the function of Hepatic veins?

What are the capillaries of the liver called?

 

*Add any new flash cards that covers material your professor might have added in lecture or lab not covered here.

neuron-neuroglia-flashcards

Items needed to make neuron:

 

1) Cell body=soma= Perikaryon

2) Hillock

3) Axon

4) Dendrite

5) Myeline sheath

6) Node of Ranvier

7) Nucleus

8) Nucleolus

9) Nissl granules

 

 

 

 

 

 

Draw a Neuron

 

 

 

 

What Structural type of neuron is this?  Multipolar

 

What Functional type is it mostly?

Motor or Efferent, Can also be interneuron in the CNS

 

What direction does it go? Motor-CNS to PNS, interneuron-CNS

 

Describe Processes; 1 Axon, many dendrites

 

 

 

 

 

 

Draw a Multipolar Neuron

 

 

 

What Structural type of neuron is this?  Unipolar

 

What Functional type is it mostly?

Sensory or Afferent

 

What direction does it go? PNS to CNS

 

Describe Processes; 1 process comes off cell body, splitting into two.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Draw an Unipolar Neuron

 

 

 

 

What Structural type of neuron is this?  Bipolar

 

What Functional Type is it? Special sense neuron

 

Where is it found?

Part of the ear and eyes. Found in embryos

 

Describe Processes; 2 process. 1 dendrite, 1 axon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Draw a Bipolar Neuron

 

 

 

What type of neuroglia is this?  Ependymal cell

 

Where is it located Generally? CNS

 

Where is it located specifically? Lines ventricles of brain cavities and central canal of cord

 

Function:  assists in produdction and cirulation of CSF

 

 

 

 

Draw an Ependymal Cell

 

 

 

 

What type of neuroglia is this?  Astrocyte

 

Where is it located Generally? CNS

 

Where is it located specifically? In contact with neurons and capillaries

 

Function:  ahelps form blood-brain barrier

 

 

 

 

 

Draw an Astrocyte Cell

 

 

 

 

What type of neuroglia is this?  Microglial

 

Where is it located Generally? CNS

 

   

 

Function: defends against pathogens – macrophage-eats wastes

 

 

 

 

 

Draw a Microglia Cell

 

 

 

 

What type of neuroglia is this?  Oligodendrocyte

 

Where is it located Generally? CNS

 

Where is it located specifically? Extensions wrap around cns axons

 

Function:  myelinates and insulates CNS axons for fast impulse

 

 

 

 

 

Draw an Oligodendrocyte Cell

 

 

 

 

What type of neuroglia is this?  Satellite cell

 

Where is it located Generally? PNS

 

Where is it located specifically? in ganglia of PNS

 

Function: Protects and regulates nutrients for cell bodies in ganglia

 

 

 

 

 

Draw a Satellite Cell

 

 

 

 

What type of neuroglia is this?  Neurolemmocytes = Schwann

 

Where is it located Generally? PNS

 

Where is it located specifically?wrapped around axon in PNS

 

Function:  Myelinates and insultes PNS axons for fast impulse

 

 

 

 

 

Draw a Schwann Cell

 

 

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