You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘Digestive’ tag.

  

Disorders

Key

(Descriptive)

A. Bariatric Surgery

A1

1. Gastric bypass, by narrowing/blocking portion of stomach

B. Calculi

 

2. Cavities in tooth enamel caused by plaque/bacteria

C. Caries

 

3. Frequent, watery feces

D. Cystis

 

4. Painful diarrhea caused by infectious organism

E. Diabetes insipidus

 

5. Dilated, tortuous veins around rectum/anus

F. Diarrhea

 

6. Viral infection of parotid glands

G. Dysentery

 

7. Inflammation of the pancreas

H. Dysuria

 

8. Painful urination

I. Hematouria

 

9. Blood in urine

J. Hemorrhoids

 

10. Bladder inflammation

K. Mumps

 

11. Stones in kidney

L. Nephritis

 

12. Inflammation of kidney

M. Pancreatitis

 

13. Not enough ADH produced by hypothalamus

N. Renal Failure

 

14. Cessation of glomerular filtration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

A1, B11, C2, D10, E13, F3, G4, H8, I9, J5, K6, L12, M7, N14

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 Mouth

·          Hard/soft palate

·          Uvuladj

·          Gingivae

·          labial frenulum

 

Tongue

·          Chew, swallow, speech, taste buds

·          Extrinsic/intrinsic muscles

·          Hypoglossal XII

·          Lingual frenulum

 

Taste buds

·          Gustatory receptors

·          Vallate papillae

·          5 sensations

 

Teeth

·          Mastication

·          Alveoli

·          Periodontal ligament

·          Gingivae

·          Tooth structure, histology

·          Deciduous-20, permanent-32

·          Incisors

·          Canines

·          Premolars

·          molars

 

Salivary Glands

·          Secrete saliva

·          amylase-carbohydrates

·          dissolve food

·          parotid glands (Stensen’s ducts)

·          sublingual glands (Rivinus ducts)

·          submandibular (Wharton’s ducts)

 

Pharynx

·          pharyngeal constrictors

·          lining

·          cranial nerve X

 

Esophagus

·          esophageal hiatus

·          lining

·          Superior esophageal sphincter

·          Inferior esophageal sphincter

 

 

Stomach

·          Mechanical and chemical digestion

·          Cardiac, pyloric sphincter

·          L & G curvature, Omentum

·          Lining

·          Rugae

·          Gastric glands, pits

·          Mucous cells –

·          Parietal cells –

·          Chief cells –

·          Enteroendocells –

  

Digestive System

Functions:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Anatomically Divided:

 

 

 

Small Intestine

·          Lining

·          Peritoneum

·          Greater omentum

·          The Mesentery proper

·          Chyme

·          Duodenum

·          Jejunum

·          Ileum

·          Circular folds

·          Villi

·          Microvilli

 

Large Intestine

·          Lining

·          Absorbs fluids, ions, vitamins

·          Stores feces

·          Cecum

·          Ascending, transverse, descending colon

·          Sigmoid, rectum, anal canal

·          Taenia coli

·          Haustra

·          Omental appendices/epiploic appendages

·          Mesocolon

·          Internal anal sphincter –

·          External anal sphincter – 

 

Liver

·          Lobes

·          Falciform ligament

·          Ligamentum teres/round

·          Sinusoids

·          Metabolic and Hematological regulation

·          Synthesis and secretion of bile

 

Gall Bladder

·          Lining

·          Store/concentrate bile

·          Hepatopancreatic sphincter and duct

·          If sphincter open/relaxed:

·          Hepatic ductcommon hepatic duct, cystic ductcommon bile ducthepatopancreatic duct

 

Pancreas

·          Retroperitoneal

·          Exocrine-

·          Endocrine –

·          islets of Langerhans

·          Pancreatic juice

·          Pancreatic duct hepatopancreatic ductduodenum

 Only current worksheets will be linked. The others will become available as we review their areas.

Exam worksheets are always available in SI, then the week of the exam, they will be available here.

Exam I Worksheets:

cell

functions-exam1

vocabulary-exam-1

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