You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘AVC’ tag.

At you will find Mrs Sullivan’s new site for General Human Anatomy. At this time, these two sites are almost identical with similar information until it can be all placed on her site. The work I have created here is almost all on her site, with a little fine-tuning. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask in a comment. Thanks!

Laura Barron

For those of you who are going into Nursing at Antelope Valley College and have any questions along your path, please check out my new site and send me a comment. I would be happy to help in any way I can.


This video is by the Medical College of Georgia – Gross Anatomy and is available for free from itunes.
If your browser doesn’t support this, click HERE


Skeletal System

#’s Axial, Apendendicular


Functions (6)



            Haversion system + ______

            5 things to identify

            Cells (4)


(2) types of bones


Long bone – identify (9 items)


Composition : 1)______________

                        2) Matrix=____%



Bone Ossification (2 types  – which bones are made from thee?)

Where do all middle bones come from?


Intra_______ Ossification (8 steps)


Endochondral O_______ (13 steps)


Long bones increase length by…………………..

Diameter by……………..


Bones classified by?   (4 – give examples)

2 other types.


What are the Growth Factors? (4) Give exact examples of each!


Where are the Paranasal Sinuses? What are the functions? Tissue?


What are Fontanels? Where are all 5 located and names?


Vertebral Column (#? Bones)

Draw and name curves.



What difference can you find between male/female bones?


Types of Fractures ( 8 )


Disorders (7)





















































Skeletal Questions


Can you name 5 fractures and describe?


What is the functions (6) of the curvature of the vertebral column?


What are the 4 curves of the vertebral and which is present at birth?


What are the Functions of the paranasal sinuses?


Describe the paranasal sinuses, and list 1 and it’s specific location.


What is a Fontanel?


What is the name of one Fontanel and what does it articulate with?


How do long bones increase in diameter by?


How do long bones increase in length by?


Name 4 minerals responsible for Growth and what the do.


What does thyroxine do?


What comes before “osteoblasts form bone matrix”, in endochondral ossification?


What are the types of ossification?


What comes after “trapped osteoblasts called osteocytes” in (other) ossification?


What bones are formed by endochondral ossification?


Both ossifications start from middle layer of___________ called __________.


Cartilage turns into bone.   T      F


What is the composition of bone? What constitutes the 33%, What constitutes the 67%


Name and draw the typical long bone, and identify at least 5 main points.


How is bone classified and name one bone for each.


Describe the two different Types of bone.


What are the functions of the Skeletal System? (6)


How many bones are in the appendicular?


What is the Histology of the Haversian system?


What is the difference between osteoprogenitor, osteoblast, osteocyte and osteoclast cells?



What is the difference between lymph capillaries and Blood capillaries?

Blind lymph capillaries are more permeable and only take interstitial fluid back to the Venus supply.



Organs: What are their functions?                                      Tonsils: What are their functions?


Pharyngeal Tonsils-

Lymph Nodes   

Palatine Tonsils –


Lingual Tonsils-


Q. Difference between organs and tonsils? A. ____  are surrounded by a connective tissue capsule.




          Histology: White Pulp (1&4)  and Red Pulp (2&3)  

          Functions: 1. Immune response to antigens/blood

                           2.  Reservoir for RBC & Platelets

                           3. Phagocytize old RBC & Platelets

                           4. Phagocytize bacteria and foreign material


Conditions Mix/Match

1. Atherosclerosis (arteriosclerosis)


a. Abnormally large # immature WBCs in blood

2.  Myocardial infarction (heart attack)


b. Fewer than normal WBCs in blood

3.  Ischemic heart disease


c. Abnormally large # of WBCs in blood

4.  Angina pectoris


d. Abnormally large # RBCs in blood

5.  Hypertension


e. Weakened, stretched, swollen veins

6.  Anemia


f. Abnormally low Hb concentration or RBC count

7.  Leukemia


g. BP in excess of 120/80 mmHg

8.  Leucocytosis


h. Pain resulting from ischemia

9.  Polycythemia


i. Tissue lacks o2, reduced Blood flow

10. Varicose Veins


j. Branch of coronary artery blocked

11. Leukopenia


k. Plaques (atheromas) clog vessels

1k, 2j, 3i, 4h, 5g, 6f, 7a, 8c, 9d, 10e, 11b

This lecture section – lets do circulatory pathways!

Like taking a trip to the beach, we will need to travel on certain roads to get there and back, and because we have limited time for this pleasure (we have toooo much anatomy studying to do) we must take the quickest path to get there and back.

I will state a FROM location, and a TO location. See if you can get there and back. Please don’t forget about the little side streets (or our ‘ABCs’-arterioles, capillaries, venules).

Starting Simple, Pathway #1:

FROM Superior Vena Cava TO Pulmonary Veins   Answer Pathway #1   (11 steps)

Pathway #2 FROM Hepatic Vein TO Brain       Answer Pathway #2  (22 steps)

Pathway #3 FROM elbow of right arm TO Spleen    Answer Pathway #3 (long one!)

Pathway #4 FROM Thoracic Vertebral Column TO Left Ovary  Answer Pathway #4 (25 steps)

Pathway #5 Pulmonary Circulation     Answer Pathway #5 (16 steps)

Pathway #6 FROM Pancreas TO Spleen    Answer Pathway #6  (30 steps)

Pathway #7 FROM 3rd Digit of the Right Hand TO 3rd Digit of the Left Hand  Answer Pathway #7 (32 steps)


AN node –

Anterior interventricular Artery –

Atria vs atrium –

Autorhythmicity –

AV –

Bicuspid, Tricuspid valve –

Bundle of His –

Chordae tendineae –

Circumflex Artery –

Coronary plexus –

Coronary sinus –

Coronary Veins –

Cusps –

Deoxygenated, Oxygenated –

Diastole –

Endocardium –

Epicardium –

Interatrial septum –

Interventricular septum –

Lubb and Dubb –

Myocardium – 

Pacemaker –

Papillary muscles –

Pericardial sac –

Pericardium –

Purkinje fibers –

SA node –

SV –

Systole –



Adventia –


Basophil –

Biconcave –

Endothelium –

Eosinophil –


Erythropoietin –

Formed elements –

Granulocyte –

Hemoglobin –

Hemopoiesis –

Hepatic Portal System –

Homeostatis –

Leucocyte –


Lymphocyte –

Megakaryocyte –

Monocyte –

Myeloid tissue –

Neutrophil –

Plasma –

Pulmonary circulation –

Renal Erythropoietic Factor –

Systemic circulation –

Thrombocyte –

Vasoconstriction –

Vasodilation –

Amazingly we had a neurosurgeon, Dr. Mukesh Misra from AV Neuroscience group in Lancaster, remove the brain from the newly aquired cadavar. For those of you who missed it – I kept notes!

This is just a quick scan of my visual step-by-step notes. I’ll type it up later today after classes!

PS – it was very cool.


Typed: Page 1      Page 2      Page 3     Page 4