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At anatomysullivan.wordpress.com you will find Mrs Sullivan’s new site for General Human Anatomy. At this time, these two sites are almost identical with similar information until it can be all placed on her site. The work I have created here is almost all on her site, with a little fine-tuning. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask in a comment. Thanks!

Laura Barron

For those of you who are going into Nursing at Antelope Valley College and have any questions along your path, please check out my new site studentnurselaura.wordpress.com and send me a comment. I would be happy to help in any way I can.

Skeletal System

#’s Axial, Apendendicular

 

Functions (6)

 

Histology

            Haversion system + ______

            5 things to identify

            Cells (4)

 

(2) types of bones

 

Long bone – identify (9 items)

 

Composition : 1)______________

                        2) Matrix=____%

                                         ______%

 

Bone Ossification (2 types  – which bones are made from thee?)

Where do all middle bones come from?

 

Intra_______ Ossification (8 steps)

 

Endochondral O_______ (13 steps)

 

Long bones increase length by…………………..

Diameter by……………..

 

Bones classified by?   (4 – give examples)

2 other types.

 

What are the Growth Factors? (4) Give exact examples of each!

 

Where are the Paranasal Sinuses? What are the functions? Tissue?

 

What are Fontanels? Where are all 5 located and names?

 

Vertebral Column (#? Bones)

Draw and name curves.

Functions

 

What difference can you find between male/female bones?

 

Types of Fractures ( 8 )

 

Disorders (7)

CALCITONIN-     

                                                                              

CANCELLOUS BONE-

 

COLLES FRACTURE-

 

COMMINUTED FRACTURE-

 

COMPOUND FRACTURE-

 

FONTANELS-

 

GREENSTICK FRACTURE-

 

INORGANIC SALTS-

 

KYPHOSIS-

 

LORDOSIS-

 

OBLIQUE FRACTURE-

 

ORGANIC FRAMEWORK-

 

OSTEOBLASTS/OSTEOCLASTS/OSTEOCYTES-

 

OSTEOMALACIA-

 

OSTEOMYELITIS-

 

OSTEONS –

 

OSTEOPOROSIS-

 

OSTEOPROGENITOR CELLS-

 

PARATHYROID-

 

POTT’S FRACTURE –

 

SCOLIOSIS-

 

SESAMOID-

 

SPIRAL FRACTURE –

 

THYROXINE-

 

TRANSVERSE FRACTURE –

 

WORMIAN-

 

Skeletal Questions

 

Can you name 5 fractures and describe?

 

What is the functions (6) of the curvature of the vertebral column?

 

What are the 4 curves of the vertebral and which is present at birth?

 

What are the Functions of the paranasal sinuses?

 

Describe the paranasal sinuses, and list 1 and it’s specific location.

 

What is a Fontanel?

 

What is the name of one Fontanel and what does it articulate with?

 

How do long bones increase in diameter by?

 

How do long bones increase in length by?

 

Name 4 minerals responsible for Growth and what the do.

 

What does thyroxine do?

 

What comes before “osteoblasts form bone matrix”, in endochondral ossification?

 

What are the types of ossification?

 

What comes after “trapped osteoblasts called osteocytes” in (other) ossification?

 

What bones are formed by endochondral ossification?

 

Both ossifications start from middle layer of___________ called __________.

 

Cartilage turns into bone.   T      F

 

What is the composition of bone? What constitutes the 33%, What constitutes the 67%

 

Name and draw the typical long bone, and identify at least 5 main points.

 

How is bone classified and name one bone for each.

 

Describe the two different Types of bone.

 

What are the functions of the Skeletal System? (6)

 

How many bones are in the appendicular?

 

What is the Histology of the Haversian system?

 

What is the difference between osteoprogenitor, osteoblast, osteocyte and osteoclast cells?

 

 

1. Name 4 different pairs of ligaments that support the uterus and hold it in place.

         

2. What is homologous to the labia majora in the male reproductive system?

 

3. What are the different types of follicles in follicular development (5)?

 

4. What disorder is characterized by inflammation in pelvic cavity, tubes, ovaries, etc.?

 

5. Describe the route of sperm from Seminiferous tubules to urethra.

 

6. What is the role of the interstitial cells surrounding the Seminiferous tubules?

 

7. What is the name of the innermost wall of the uterus and the 2 layers that form this wall?

 

8. Describe the histology of the mammary glands.

 

9. What are the 3 phases of the uterine cycle?

 

10. What is the composition of Prostatic secretion?

 

11. What are the Accessory glands of the male reproductive system and their functions?

 

12. What are the 3 parts of Sperm and their functions?

 

 

1. broad, round, uterosacral and transverse cervical

2. scrotum

3. The Primary follicle, secondary follicle, mature (Graafian) follicle, Corpus Luteum, and Corpus Alibicans.

4. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

5. Semininferous tubulestubuli rectirete testesefferent ductsepididymisvas deferensejaculary ducturethra

6. These cells are stimulated by Lutenizing hormones to produce androgen hormones, such as testosterone.

7.  Endometrium. The 2 layers are the basal layer (stratum basalis) and the functional (stratum functionalis)

8.  Modified sweat glands are located under adipose tissue which is covered by the pectoralis major and serratus anterior skeletal muscles.

9. Menstrual, Proliferative and Secretory phases.

10. mucin, citric acid, seminal plasmin, and Prostatic specific antigen.

11. Seminal vesicles, prostate and Bulbourethral glands. Their secretions nourish the sperm and neutralize the acidity of the vagina.

12. The head – Acrosomal cap (enzymes) and nucleus (chromosomes), the Middle piece – contains mitochondria for ATP, and the Tail or flagellum – for motion

 

 micturition

1. bladder fills with urine

2. walls stretch

3. stimulate stretch receptors

4. sensory impulses to spinal cord

5. relayed to cerebral cortex/micturation reflex center

 

6. Conscious desire to expel urine

 

7. parasympathetic impulses to bladder wall

8. detrusor muscle contracts

9. internal sphincter relaxes

10. external sphincter relaxed (voluntarily)

11. Micturition

Afferent arteriole –

Arcuate artery –

Calculi –

Cortex –

Cystitis –

Detrusor Muscle –

Diabetes Insipidus –

Distal convoluted tubule –

Dysuria –

Efferent arteriole –

External urethral sphincter –

Fibromuscular –

Globular Filtration –

Hematouria –

Homeostasis –

Hydrostatic –

Internal urethral sphincter –

Loop of Henle –

Medulla –

Micturition –

Nephritis –

Nephron –

Pelvis –

Penile –

Proximal convolute tubule –

Renal capsule –

Renal Failure –

Renal Reabsorption –

Renal Secretion –

Retroperitoneal –

Trigone –

Ureter –

Urethra –

Urethral orifice –

Describe the location of the kidneys anatomically.                                                            

Explain Renal Reabsorption.

Explain Renal Secretion.

What are the 11 steps of Micturition?

If you were blood, what would your path be starting at the Aorta, going to the Glomerulus?

If you were blood, what would your path be starting from the Kidney, going to the Renal Vein?

List 3 regions of the Kidney and what you would find there.

What 3 structures in the Urinary System would you find smooth muscle? 

What are the functions of the Urinary System?

What disorder is when the bladder is inflamed?

What does a Nephron consist of?

What does the Distal Convoluted Tubule secrete?

What does the internal urethral sphincter do and what is its location?

What is Calculi?

What is another name for cessation of glomerular filtration?

What is Diabetes Insipidus?

What is the difference between Hematouria and Dysuria?

What is inflammation of the kidney called?

What is reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tubule?

What is the difference in length, and mucosa layers, of the male and female urethra?

What is the function of the ureter? The urethra?

What is the Histology of the following?

            Glomerular capsule

            Glomerulus Ureter

            Urethra

            Urinary Bladder

 

What is the Urinary System comprised of?

What order do these 3 processes happen: Reabsorption, Filtration, and Secretion?

What processes happens in the Nephrons?

  

Disorders

Key

(Descriptive)

A. Bariatric Surgery

A1

1. Gastric bypass, by narrowing/blocking portion of stomach

B. Calculi

 

2. Cavities in tooth enamel caused by plaque/bacteria

C. Caries

 

3. Frequent, watery feces

D. Cystis

 

4. Painful diarrhea caused by infectious organism

E. Diabetes insipidus

 

5. Dilated, tortuous veins around rectum/anus

F. Diarrhea

 

6. Viral infection of parotid glands

G. Dysentery

 

7. Inflammation of the pancreas

H. Dysuria

 

8. Painful urination

I. Hematouria

 

9. Blood in urine

J. Hemorrhoids

 

10. Bladder inflammation

K. Mumps

 

11. Stones in kidney

L. Nephritis

 

12. Inflammation of kidney

M. Pancreatitis

 

13. Not enough ADH produced by hypothalamus

N. Renal Failure

 

14. Cessation of glomerular filtration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

A1, B11, C2, D10, E13, F3, G4, H8, I9, J5, K6, L12, M7, N14

  • Alimentary canal                                                                                    
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Bile
  • Biliary apparatus
  • Bolus
  • Buccal glands
  • Carbohydrases
  • Caries
  • Chemical digestion
  • Chief cell
  • Chyme
  • Circular fold
  • Cranial nerve X
  • Cranial nerve XII
  • Cusps
  • Cyctic duct
  • Deciduous
  • Dentin
  • Duodenum
  • Emulsify
  • Endocrine
  • Enteroendocell
  • Epiploic appendages
  • Esophageal hiatus
  • Esophagus
  • Exocrine
  • External anal sphincter
  • Falciform ligament
  • Feces
  • Gall bladder
  • Gastric gland
  • Gastric pit
  • Gingivae
  • Haustra
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Hepatopancreatic duct
  • Ileocecal valve
  • Ileum
  • Internal anal sphincter
  • Jejunum
  • Labial frenulum
  • Ligamentum teres
  • Lingual frenulum
  • Lipases
  • Mechanical digestion
  • Meocolon
  • Merocrine
  • Mesentery
  • Microvilli
  • Mucus
  • Muscularis
  • Omental appendices
  • Omentum
  • Pancreas                                                                                                       
  • Pancreatic juice
  • Parietal cell
  • Peptidases
  • Peristalsis
  • Peritoneum
  • Pharyngeal constrictors
  • Plicae circularis
  • Premolars
  • Propulsion
  • Retroperitoneal
  • Rivinus duct
  • Rugae
  • Saliva
  • Salivary glands
  • Segmentation
  • Serosa
  • Sigmoid colon
  • Sinusoids
  • Sphincter
  • Stensen duct
  • Taeniae coli
  • Uvula
  • Vallate papillae
  • Vater papilla
  • Villi
  • Wharton duct

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