When doing these Vocabulary words think –                 Location, Function, and Histology

 

  • Acrosomal cap
  • Androgens
  • Blood-testis barrier
  • Bulbourethral gland
  • Corpora cavernosa
  • Corpus spongiosum
  • Cowpers glands
  • Cremaster muscle
  • Cryptochidism
  • Dartos muscle
  • Ductus deferens
  • Ejaculate
  • Ejaculatory duct
  • Endocrinocytes
  • Epididymus
  • External genitalia
  • Gland of Litter
  • Glans penis
  • Gubernaculums
  • Homologous
  • Inguinal canal
  • Interstitial cells
  • Leydig cells
  • Membranous region
  • Penile region
  • Penis
  • Prepuce
  • Prostaglandins
  • Prostate
  • Prostatic region 
  • Prostatic secretion
  • Prostatic specific antigen
  • Rete testes
  • Scrotum
  • Semen
  • Seminal fluid
  • Seminiferous tubules
  • Septa
  • Sertoli cells
  • Sperm
  • Spermatic cord
  • Spermatogenesis
  • Spermatogonia
  • Sustentacular cells
  • Testes
  • Testosterone
  • Tubuli recti
  • Tunica albuginea
  • Vas deferens
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When doing these Vocabulary words think –                 Location & Function

 

 

  • Adenohypophysis
  • Adrenal cortex
  • Adrenal medulla
  • Adrenocorticotropin hormone
  • Aldosterone
  • Alpha cells
  • Anterior Pituitary gland
  • Antidiuretic hormone
  • Beta cells
  • Calcitonin
  • Chief cells
  • Chromaffin cells
  • Circadian cycle
  • Corticosterone
  • Delta cells
  • Endocrine glands
  • Epinephrine and norepinephrine
  • Epithalamus
  • Estrogen
  • Exocrine glands
  • F cells
  • Follicle cells
  • Follicle stimulating hormone
  • Glucagons
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Growth hormone
  • Homeostasis
  • Hormone
  • Hypothalamus
  • Infundibulum
  • Inhibitory hormone
  • Insulin
  • Lutenizing hormone
  • Melanocyte stimulating hormone
  • Melatonin 
  • Mineralocorticoid
  • Negative feedback
  • Neurohypophysis
  • Oxyphil cells
  • Oxytocin
  • Pancreas
  • Pancreatic acini
  • Pancreatic islets
  • Pancreatic polypeptide
  • Parafollicular cells
  • Parathyroid gland
  • Pineal gland
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Posterior pituitary gland
  • Prolactin
  • Somatostatin
  • Supraoptic nucleus
  • Target organs
  • Testosterone
  • Thriiodothyronine
  • Thymus
  • Thyroglobulin
  • Thyroid gland
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone
  • Thyroxine
  • Vasopressin
  • Zona glomerulosa, fasciculate and reticularis

 

 micturition

1. bladder fills with urine

2. walls stretch

3. stimulate stretch receptors

4. sensory impulses to spinal cord

5. relayed to cerebral cortex/micturation reflex center

 

6. Conscious desire to expel urine

 

7. parasympathetic impulses to bladder wall

8. detrusor muscle contracts

9. internal sphincter relaxes

10. external sphincter relaxed (voluntarily)

11. Micturition

Afferent arteriole –

Arcuate artery –

Calculi –

Cortex –

Cystitis –

Detrusor Muscle –

Diabetes Insipidus –

Distal convoluted tubule –

Dysuria –

Efferent arteriole –

External urethral sphincter –

Fibromuscular –

Globular Filtration –

Hematouria –

Homeostasis –

Hydrostatic –

Internal urethral sphincter –

Loop of Henle –

Medulla –

Micturition –

Nephritis –

Nephron –

Pelvis –

Penile –

Proximal convolute tubule –

Renal capsule –

Renal Failure –

Renal Reabsorption –

Renal Secretion –

Retroperitoneal –

Trigone –

Ureter –

Urethra –

Urethral orifice –

Describe the location of the kidneys anatomically.                                                            

Explain Renal Reabsorption.

Explain Renal Secretion.

What are the 11 steps of Micturition?

If you were blood, what would your path be starting at the Aorta, going to the Glomerulus?

If you were blood, what would your path be starting from the Kidney, going to the Renal Vein?

List 3 regions of the Kidney and what you would find there.

What 3 structures in the Urinary System would you find smooth muscle? 

What are the functions of the Urinary System?

What disorder is when the bladder is inflamed?

What does a Nephron consist of?

What does the Distal Convoluted Tubule secrete?

What does the internal urethral sphincter do and what is its location?

What is Calculi?

What is another name for cessation of glomerular filtration?

What is Diabetes Insipidus?

What is the difference between Hematouria and Dysuria?

What is inflammation of the kidney called?

What is reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tubule?

What is the difference in length, and mucosa layers, of the male and female urethra?

What is the function of the ureter? The urethra?

What is the Histology of the following?

            Glomerular capsule

            Glomerulus Ureter

            Urethra

            Urinary Bladder

 

What is the Urinary System comprised of?

What order do these 3 processes happen: Reabsorption, Filtration, and Secretion?

What processes happens in the Nephrons?

  

Disorders

Key

(Descriptive)

A. Bariatric Surgery

A1

1. Gastric bypass, by narrowing/blocking portion of stomach

B. Calculi

 

2. Cavities in tooth enamel caused by plaque/bacteria

C. Caries

 

3. Frequent, watery feces

D. Cystis

 

4. Painful diarrhea caused by infectious organism

E. Diabetes insipidus

 

5. Dilated, tortuous veins around rectum/anus

F. Diarrhea

 

6. Viral infection of parotid glands

G. Dysentery

 

7. Inflammation of the pancreas

H. Dysuria

 

8. Painful urination

I. Hematouria

 

9. Blood in urine

J. Hemorrhoids

 

10. Bladder inflammation

K. Mumps

 

11. Stones in kidney

L. Nephritis

 

12. Inflammation of kidney

M. Pancreatitis

 

13. Not enough ADH produced by hypothalamus

N. Renal Failure

 

14. Cessation of glomerular filtration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

A1, B11, C2, D10, E13, F3, G4, H8, I9, J5, K6, L12, M7, N14

  • Alimentary canal                                                                                    
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Bile
  • Biliary apparatus
  • Bolus
  • Buccal glands
  • Carbohydrases
  • Caries
  • Chemical digestion
  • Chief cell
  • Chyme
  • Circular fold
  • Cranial nerve X
  • Cranial nerve XII
  • Cusps
  • Cyctic duct
  • Deciduous
  • Dentin
  • Duodenum
  • Emulsify
  • Endocrine
  • Enteroendocell
  • Epiploic appendages
  • Esophageal hiatus
  • Esophagus
  • Exocrine
  • External anal sphincter
  • Falciform ligament
  • Feces
  • Gall bladder
  • Gastric gland
  • Gastric pit
  • Gingivae
  • Haustra
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Hepatopancreatic duct
  • Ileocecal valve
  • Ileum
  • Internal anal sphincter
  • Jejunum
  • Labial frenulum
  • Ligamentum teres
  • Lingual frenulum
  • Lipases
  • Mechanical digestion
  • Meocolon
  • Merocrine
  • Mesentery
  • Microvilli
  • Mucus
  • Muscularis
  • Omental appendices
  • Omentum
  • Pancreas                                                                                                       
  • Pancreatic juice
  • Parietal cell
  • Peptidases
  • Peristalsis
  • Peritoneum
  • Pharyngeal constrictors
  • Plicae circularis
  • Premolars
  • Propulsion
  • Retroperitoneal
  • Rivinus duct
  • Rugae
  • Saliva
  • Salivary glands
  • Segmentation
  • Serosa
  • Sigmoid colon
  • Sinusoids
  • Sphincter
  • Stensen duct
  • Taeniae coli
  • Uvula
  • Vallate papillae
  • Vater papilla
  • Villi
  • Wharton duct

 

If you were to ingest food, where would it pass through (6) and what would its name be in each location?

What are the accessory digestive organs (4), and what to they secrete?

What are the functions of the digestive system? 

Explain Propulsion.  What 2 processes are involved and the difference between the two? 

What is the Histology of the Mucosa layer of the tract? 

What does the Muscularis layer have 2 layers of? 

What is the visceral peritoneum and what is its histology?

What is the labial frenulum?

Describe the location of the mouth? 

What 3 accessory organs would you find in the oral cavity?

What are the 5 sensations perceived by taste buds and their location?

Describe a tooth.

What are Molars and their function? 

Name the 3 salivary glands, their openings into the mouth, and location. 

What type of gland are salivary glands? Structurally and functionally. 

What muscles are located in the pharynx? 

What is the lining of the esophagus?

Name 2 sphincters of the esophagus.

Where is the greater omentum located, and what does it attach to?

Name 5 parts of the stomach? 

What are 4 gastric glands, and what does each produce?

Where is the small intestine located? 

What parts of the digestive system are retroperitoneal? 

What is the hepatopancreatic duct? 

What are the folds called in the mucosa and submucosal of the small intestine? 

What do you call the fingerlike projections on the surface of the villi?

What is the function of the large intestine? 

Name 7 parts of the large intestine?

 What is the smooth muscle on the outside of the large intestine?

 What is haustra?

 What are epiploic appendages made of?

 What is the location of the mesocolon?

Name 2 sphincters of the anal canal, their location and histology.

 Describe 6 things the liver has.

 If you were bile, where would you be created, and then what path would you take to the duodenum?  Where would you be stored? 

What are the functions of the liver?

What are the functions of the pancreas?

What is the Islets of Langerhans?

What is the composition of pancreatic juice?

 Mouth

·          Hard/soft palate

·          Uvuladj

·          Gingivae

·          labial frenulum

 

Tongue

·          Chew, swallow, speech, taste buds

·          Extrinsic/intrinsic muscles

·          Hypoglossal XII

·          Lingual frenulum

 

Taste buds

·          Gustatory receptors

·          Vallate papillae

·          5 sensations

 

Teeth

·          Mastication

·          Alveoli

·          Periodontal ligament

·          Gingivae

·          Tooth structure, histology

·          Deciduous-20, permanent-32

·          Incisors

·          Canines

·          Premolars

·          molars

 

Salivary Glands

·          Secrete saliva

·          amylase-carbohydrates

·          dissolve food

·          parotid glands (Stensen’s ducts)

·          sublingual glands (Rivinus ducts)

·          submandibular (Wharton’s ducts)

 

Pharynx

·          pharyngeal constrictors

·          lining

·          cranial nerve X

 

Esophagus

·          esophageal hiatus

·          lining

·          Superior esophageal sphincter

·          Inferior esophageal sphincter

 

 

Stomach

·          Mechanical and chemical digestion

·          Cardiac, pyloric sphincter

·          L & G curvature, Omentum

·          Lining

·          Rugae

·          Gastric glands, pits

·          Mucous cells –

·          Parietal cells –

·          Chief cells –

·          Enteroendocells –

  

Digestive System

Functions:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Anatomically Divided:

 

 

 

Small Intestine

·          Lining

·          Peritoneum

·          Greater omentum

·          The Mesentery proper

·          Chyme

·          Duodenum

·          Jejunum

·          Ileum

·          Circular folds

·          Villi

·          Microvilli

 

Large Intestine

·          Lining

·          Absorbs fluids, ions, vitamins

·          Stores feces

·          Cecum

·          Ascending, transverse, descending colon

·          Sigmoid, rectum, anal canal

·          Taenia coli

·          Haustra

·          Omental appendices/epiploic appendages

·          Mesocolon

·          Internal anal sphincter –

·          External anal sphincter – 

 

Liver

·          Lobes

·          Falciform ligament

·          Ligamentum teres/round

·          Sinusoids

·          Metabolic and Hematological regulation

·          Synthesis and secretion of bile

 

Gall Bladder

·          Lining

·          Store/concentrate bile

·          Hepatopancreatic sphincter and duct

·          If sphincter open/relaxed:

·          Hepatic ductcommon hepatic duct, cystic ductcommon bile ducthepatopancreatic duct

 

Pancreas

·          Retroperitoneal

·          Exocrine-

·          Endocrine –

·          islets of Langerhans

·          Pancreatic juice

·          Pancreatic duct hepatopancreatic ductduodenum

cat_arteries-large1

 This artery off the Aortic Arch is the Brachiocephalic, and will split to 3, what are they?

circ_vessels_cat_model_full_labeled-large

 

ovarian-artery-large

 

This artery picked up, is the Celiac Artery. What does it bring blood to? Where did it originate?

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