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Disorders

Key

(Descriptive)

A. Bariatric Surgery

A1

1. Gastric bypass, by narrowing/blocking portion of stomach

B. Calculi

 

2. Cavities in tooth enamel caused by plaque/bacteria

C. Caries

 

3. Frequent, watery feces

D. Cystis

 

4. Painful diarrhea caused by infectious organism

E. Diabetes insipidus

 

5. Dilated, tortuous veins around rectum/anus

F. Diarrhea

 

6. Viral infection of parotid glands

G. Dysentery

 

7. Inflammation of the pancreas

H. Dysuria

 

8. Painful urination

I. Hematouria

 

9. Blood in urine

J. Hemorrhoids

 

10. Bladder inflammation

K. Mumps

 

11. Stones in kidney

L. Nephritis

 

12. Inflammation of kidney

M. Pancreatitis

 

13. Not enough ADH produced by hypothalamus

N. Renal Failure

 

14. Cessation of glomerular filtration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

A1, B11, C2, D10, E13, F3, G4, H8, I9, J5, K6, L12, M7, N14

  • Alimentary canal                                                                                    
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Bile
  • Biliary apparatus
  • Bolus
  • Buccal glands
  • Carbohydrases
  • Caries
  • Chemical digestion
  • Chief cell
  • Chyme
  • Circular fold
  • Cranial nerve X
  • Cranial nerve XII
  • Cusps
  • Cyctic duct
  • Deciduous
  • Dentin
  • Duodenum
  • Emulsify
  • Endocrine
  • Enteroendocell
  • Epiploic appendages
  • Esophageal hiatus
  • Esophagus
  • Exocrine
  • External anal sphincter
  • Falciform ligament
  • Feces
  • Gall bladder
  • Gastric gland
  • Gastric pit
  • Gingivae
  • Haustra
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Hepatopancreatic duct
  • Ileocecal valve
  • Ileum
  • Internal anal sphincter
  • Jejunum
  • Labial frenulum
  • Ligamentum teres
  • Lingual frenulum
  • Lipases
  • Mechanical digestion
  • Meocolon
  • Merocrine
  • Mesentery
  • Microvilli
  • Mucus
  • Muscularis
  • Omental appendices
  • Omentum
  • Pancreas                                                                                                       
  • Pancreatic juice
  • Parietal cell
  • Peptidases
  • Peristalsis
  • Peritoneum
  • Pharyngeal constrictors
  • Plicae circularis
  • Premolars
  • Propulsion
  • Retroperitoneal
  • Rivinus duct
  • Rugae
  • Saliva
  • Salivary glands
  • Segmentation
  • Serosa
  • Sigmoid colon
  • Sinusoids
  • Sphincter
  • Stensen duct
  • Taeniae coli
  • Uvula
  • Vallate papillae
  • Vater papilla
  • Villi
  • Wharton duct

 

If you were to ingest food, where would it pass through (6) and what would its name be in each location?

What are the accessory digestive organs (4), and what to they secrete?

What are the functions of the digestive system? 

Explain Propulsion.  What 2 processes are involved and the difference between the two? 

What is the Histology of the Mucosa layer of the tract? 

What does the Muscularis layer have 2 layers of? 

What is the visceral peritoneum and what is its histology?

What is the labial frenulum?

Describe the location of the mouth? 

What 3 accessory organs would you find in the oral cavity?

What are the 5 sensations perceived by taste buds and their location?

Describe a tooth.

What are Molars and their function? 

Name the 3 salivary glands, their openings into the mouth, and location. 

What type of gland are salivary glands? Structurally and functionally. 

What muscles are located in the pharynx? 

What is the lining of the esophagus?

Name 2 sphincters of the esophagus.

Where is the greater omentum located, and what does it attach to?

Name 5 parts of the stomach? 

What are 4 gastric glands, and what does each produce?

Where is the small intestine located? 

What parts of the digestive system are retroperitoneal? 

What is the hepatopancreatic duct? 

What are the folds called in the mucosa and submucosal of the small intestine? 

What do you call the fingerlike projections on the surface of the villi?

What is the function of the large intestine? 

Name 7 parts of the large intestine?

 What is the smooth muscle on the outside of the large intestine?

 What is haustra?

 What are epiploic appendages made of?

 What is the location of the mesocolon?

Name 2 sphincters of the anal canal, their location and histology.

 Describe 6 things the liver has.

 If you were bile, where would you be created, and then what path would you take to the duodenum?  Where would you be stored? 

What are the functions of the liver?

What are the functions of the pancreas?

What is the Islets of Langerhans?

What is the composition of pancreatic juice?

 Mouth

·          Hard/soft palate

·          Uvuladj

·          Gingivae

·          labial frenulum

 

Tongue

·          Chew, swallow, speech, taste buds

·          Extrinsic/intrinsic muscles

·          Hypoglossal XII

·          Lingual frenulum

 

Taste buds

·          Gustatory receptors

·          Vallate papillae

·          5 sensations

 

Teeth

·          Mastication

·          Alveoli

·          Periodontal ligament

·          Gingivae

·          Tooth structure, histology

·          Deciduous-20, permanent-32

·          Incisors

·          Canines

·          Premolars

·          molars

 

Salivary Glands

·          Secrete saliva

·          amylase-carbohydrates

·          dissolve food

·          parotid glands (Stensen’s ducts)

·          sublingual glands (Rivinus ducts)

·          submandibular (Wharton’s ducts)

 

Pharynx

·          pharyngeal constrictors

·          lining

·          cranial nerve X

 

Esophagus

·          esophageal hiatus

·          lining

·          Superior esophageal sphincter

·          Inferior esophageal sphincter

 

 

Stomach

·          Mechanical and chemical digestion

·          Cardiac, pyloric sphincter

·          L & G curvature, Omentum

·          Lining

·          Rugae

·          Gastric glands, pits

·          Mucous cells –

·          Parietal cells –

·          Chief cells –

·          Enteroendocells –

  

Digestive System

Functions:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Anatomically Divided:

 

 

 

Small Intestine

·          Lining

·          Peritoneum

·          Greater omentum

·          The Mesentery proper

·          Chyme

·          Duodenum

·          Jejunum

·          Ileum

·          Circular folds

·          Villi

·          Microvilli

 

Large Intestine

·          Lining

·          Absorbs fluids, ions, vitamins

·          Stores feces

·          Cecum

·          Ascending, transverse, descending colon

·          Sigmoid, rectum, anal canal

·          Taenia coli

·          Haustra

·          Omental appendices/epiploic appendages

·          Mesocolon

·          Internal anal sphincter –

·          External anal sphincter – 

 

Liver

·          Lobes

·          Falciform ligament

·          Ligamentum teres/round

·          Sinusoids

·          Metabolic and Hematological regulation

·          Synthesis and secretion of bile

 

Gall Bladder

·          Lining

·          Store/concentrate bile

·          Hepatopancreatic sphincter and duct

·          If sphincter open/relaxed:

·          Hepatic ductcommon hepatic duct, cystic ductcommon bile ducthepatopancreatic duct

 

Pancreas

·          Retroperitoneal

·          Exocrine-

·          Endocrine –

·          islets of Langerhans

·          Pancreatic juice

·          Pancreatic duct hepatopancreatic ductduodenum

 Only current worksheets will be linked. The others will become available as we review their areas.

Exam worksheets are always available in SI, then the week of the exam, they will be available here.

Exam I Worksheets:

cell

functions-exam1

vocabulary-exam-1

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